Pain Management Tips for Kidney Stone Sufferers

Kidney stones are hard deposits that form in the kidneys when there is an imbalance of minerals and other substances in the urine. They can vary in size from a small grain to larger stones that can cause severe pain.


  • Severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful or frequent urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever and chills (if there is an infection)


  • Dehydration
  • High levels of certain substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid
  • Family or personal history of kidney stones
  • Certain medical conditions that affect the urinary system
  • Dietary factors, such as consuming too much salt, protein, or oxalate-rich foods


  1. Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen or prescription medications may be used to alleviate pain associated with kidney stones.
  2. Hydration: Drinking plenty of water is crucial for flushing out the kidneys and preventing the formation of new stones. Increasing fluid intake can also help pass smaller stones more easily.
  3. Medication: Depending on the type of kidney stone, medications may be prescribed to help dissolve the stones or prevent their formation. This may include medications to reduce calcium or uric acid levels in the urine.
  4. Medical Procedures: For larger stones or stones that do not pass on their own, medical procedures may be necessary. These can include:
    • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): Uses shock waves to break the stones into smaller pieces that can be passed in the urine.
    • Ureteroscopy: A thin scope is passed through the urethra and bladder to remove or break up stones in the ureter or kidney.
    • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): A minimally invasive procedure where a small incision is made in the back to remove large kidney stones.
    • Surgery: In rare cases, surgery may be needed to remove very large stones or stones that cannot be treated with other methods.
  5. Dietary Changes: Depending on the type of kidney stone, dietary modifications may be recommended to reduce the risk of recurrence. This may involve reducing sodium and protein intake, avoiding oxalate-rich foods, and ensuring adequate calcium intake.

Prevention of kidney stones often involves staying well-hydrated, maintaining a healthy diet, and addressing any underlying medical conditions that may increase the risk of stone formation. If you suspect you have kidney stones or are experiencing symptoms, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Need more advice or treatment? Many health care experts at Antarnaad are always here to help you out. Antarnaad is a growing network of experienced physiotherapists, dietitians, nutritionists, fitness trainers and Yoga experts providing treatment for all the conditions. For more information visit our website or call our Consultant: Mb: 9899700187.